On 20 February, the European Parliament’s Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs held a hearing on AI and criminal law. The hearing gathered experts from the EU and international institutions, civil society and academia to discuss the current legal framework for the use of AI in the criminal justice system.

For over three hours, the committee heard experts from the UN, EUROPOL, Council of Europe, EU Fundamental Rights Agency (FRA), European Network Against Racism, Royal United Services Institute (RUSI), AI Now Institute, Tilburg University, Catholic University of Leuven (KUL), and French Data Protection Agency (CNIL).

The hearing examined the current legal framework applicable to the use of AI in the EU and internationally. It then focused on the examples of use of AI in the criminal justice system: predictive policing and facial recognition, and the challenges they pose. Finally, the experts discussed the regulatory and ethical framework for the use of AI.

The hearing is available for viewing here.